If you’re a manufacturer, you need to have an understanding of your Cost of Goods Sold, and how to calculate it, in order to determine if your business is profitable. Here’s what you need to know, and how to calculate the cost of goods sold (COGS) in your business. Yes, the cost of goods sold and cost of sales refer to the same calculation. Both determine how much a company spent to produce their sold goods or services.

The revenue generated by a business minus its COGS is equal to its gross profit. Higher COGS with disproportionate pricing can leave your business in a deficit position if the prices are too low or alienate consumers if the price is too high. By understanding COGS and the methods of determination, you can make informed decisions about your business. With FreshBooks accounting software, you know you’re on the right track to a tidy and efficient ledger. In this case, the total cost of goods sold for the year would be $110,000.

What You Need To Calculate COGS

While utilizing strategies to manage the COGS is essential, the better your bookkeeping and records, the easier it will be for you to manage your inventory and calculate COGS. It can help you track, analyze and create reports for every area of your business. In addition, managing a business checking account can help you keep track of expenses like inventory, vendors and payroll. Help ensure your products are priced correctly and avoid overspending on materials with these tips on how to calculate your cost of goods sold. No matter how COGS is recorded, keep regular records on your COGS calculations.

In simpler words, COGS is the amount you paid when you produced or purchased the products that were sold during the period. The advantage of using LIFO method of inventory valuation is that it matches the most recent costs with the current revenues. By tracking such a figure for a host of companies, they can know the cost at which each of the companies is manufacturing its goods or services. Thus, if one company is manufacturing goods at a low price as compared to others, it certainly has an advantage as compared to its competitors as more profits would flow into the company. This ratio also helps the investors in deciding the company stocks in which they must invest for a profitable portfolio.

  • To aid the understanding of COGS in your businesses, we will provide a helpful example when showing the COGS formula.
  • During inflation, the FIFO method assumes a business’s least expensive products sell first.
  • If the costs of making a product are so high that you cannot sell the product at a profit, it’s time to find ways to reduce your COGS or re-evaluate your strategy altogether.
  • To know this number, though, you’d need to know the Cost of Goods Sold formula.

Thus, by calculating COGS, various stakeholders of your company like managers, owners, and investors can estimate your company’s net income. If your business has high COGS, you will pay less in taxes with lower net income. It’s the percentage of sales revenue a company retains after incurring all its COGS. It should be noted that the higher the gross margin, the more the amount a business can retain from every dollar of revenue. Its usually used to highlight the sales revenue percentage used by businesses to pay for those expenses that directly vary with sales. Goods that were manufactured or purchased first are the first ones to be sold.

Cost of Goods Sold (COGS): What It Is & How to Calculate

Note that the direct cost of manufacturing one packet is $2.00, and below are the other statistics. Manage and know your inventory levels with Deskera within a few taps. Deskera’s inventory management software updates your stocks in real-time and allows you to view the stock availability in each warehouse in seconds. When ABC sold 120 laptops, they exhausted the 100 they bought and then sold the older stock. Since we sold all the new laptops, their respective shipping charges are added to the direct cost.

While the basic formula is simple, there are a number of variables to consider as well as choices about accounting methods to use. It’s not important for many service providers that do not make or sell products. For instance, attorneys, consultants, designers, leasehold improvement depreciation of leasehold improvement programmers and similar firms don’t use COGS. Any successful business must understand its indirect costs such as marketing, administration, and office supplies. Correctly calculating the cost of goods sold is an important step in accounting.


You can use COGS to calculate different ratios, which means that you can conveniently determine your business’s health. As a result, you can make better decisions, especially those more likely to impact your business positively. Apart from production efficiency, this formula is also ideal in comparing the costs of different products. For companies dealing with multiple products, such information can help identify products that bring in more money and result in losses. Let us calculate the Cost of Goods Sold, or COGS, using the formula we defined above. We will use the same scenario with FIFO and LIFO to understand how COGS changes with the inventory valuation method.

The cost of goods sold is considered an expense when looking at financial statements. That’s because it’s one of the costs of doing business and generating revenue. The COGS calculation process allows you to deduct all the costs of the products you sell, whether you manufacture them or buy and re-sell them. List all costs, including cost of labor, cost of materials and supplies, and other costs.

Though COGS can be extremely helpful for businesses to monitor its direct costs and identify cost-saving measures, it also has its limitations. COGS doesn’t show a company’s true cost of selling, since it doesn’t include costs like marketing. And, because COGS doesn’t include fixed costs, it also doesn’t provide an accurate reflection of a business’s profitability.

Why Is Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) Important?

In accounting, debit and credit accounts should always balance out. Inventory decreases because, as the product sells, it will take away from your inventory account. You should record the cost of goods sold as a debit in your accounting journal. When calculating COGS, the first step is to determine the beginning cost of inventory and the ending cost of inventory for your reporting period. In other words, divide the total cost of goods purchased in a year by the total number of items purchased in the same year. Due to inflation, the cost to make rings increased before production ended.

Importance of Cost of Goods Sold

The balance sheet only captures a company’s financial health at the end of an accounting period. This means that the inventory value recorded under current assets is the ending inventory. Calculating the Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) is a critical aspect of a business’s financial management, which helps to determine the profitability of a product. COGS is a metric that is essential for any business, and it’s especially important in marketing. By understanding COGS, businesses can set the right price point, allocate marketing budgets, and make strategic decisions about which products to promote or invest in. Cost of goods sold (COGS) represent the total costs in making or purchasing a product.

Calculating COGS using a Periodic Inventory System

It can also impact your borrowing ability when you are ready to scale up your business. As you can see, calculating your COGS correctly is critical to running your business. Discuss your circumstances with a certified public accountant to determine which method is best for you. Their expertise will ensure you choose the most effective method for your business. Let’s say there’s a retail store that starts a year with a certain inventory in stock.

You can save all this time to calculate manually, though, if you are using online accounting software like Deskera. You can start your free trial and get ready-made COGS report along with all your financial statements and inventory reports. The cost of goods sold is deducted from the total sales amounts to calculate gross profit.

Instead, they have what is called “cost of services,” which does not count towards a COGS deduction. The special identification method uses the specific cost of each unit of merchandise (also called inventory or goods) to calculate the ending inventory and COGS for each period. In this method, a business knows precisely which item was sold and the exact cost.

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